Size. Below are some shrubs which are reputed to be salt tolerant, to varying degrees. Tree > 30 feet Tree < 30 feet Shrub > 8 feet Shrub 4 to 8 feet Shrub < 4 feet Groundcover Vine. Grow it in full sun for the best color. Salt Tolerant Plants ( denotes plants that are especially salt tolerant) (∆ denotes plants that are especially tolerant of occasional salt flooding) ( denotes plants that tolerate wet conditions and/or occasional brackish flooding) Trees. Chosen properly, they lend interest to the yard for a longer portion of the year than do flowers. Why? Save 10% on Gift Certificates. Give us a call! We’ve definitely got a few. If you live in the North, it is especially important to select shrubs that provide fall and winter interest. Rosa rugosa, or salt spray roses, are scraggly, perennial and so beachy. Because they can sit and accumulate there at toxic levels and kill the plants. Salt Tolerant Plants Info Sheet for east central Florida * asterisk indicates native plant TREES High Salt Tolerance Common Name Botanical Name Acacia, Sweet Acacia farnesiana Autograph Tree/Pitch Apple Clusia rosa Black Olive Bucida buceras Buttonwood Conocarpus erectus Cassia Cassia spp. Ornamental Characteristics. Grow this evergreen in full sun. Tree > 30 feet, Evergreen, Full sun, Part shade, Zone 3a, Can tolerate acid to neutral soil (pH 5.0 to 7.4) Bee balm ( Monarda didyma) Daylilies ( Hemerocallis spp.) Can be utilized as a low-growing shrub or trailing ground cover. Miss Wilmott's Ghost. They’re drought-resistant, salt-tolerant, and absolutely perfect for hot, dry sites (like on your coastal landscape). important fact about plant & turf names: In this website, the genus species and cultivar are listed like this example: Dianella caerulea ‘DCNC0’ is the PBR and cultivar name. Their new leaves are yellow. The data were collected in farmers' fields. Little Bluestem. Trailing ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from central root system. Rugosa Rose. Because you’re not just looking for something that can handle the salt, you’re looking for something that’s going to thrive despite the salt. There are nineteen species of oak that are native to Florida and all of them have long lifespans. An excess of salt prevents the plants from absorbing water properly. Grow it in full sun. What Are Some Good Xeriscape Plants for Shade? It is a reliable perennial for zones 3 to 9. So, what are you waiting for? This landscape plan features a variety of salt water tolerant native plants ranging from the dramatic seed heads of dune grass, to the blue-purple blooms of Douglas aster. Looking for some suggestions? This plant is usually under 2 feet tall, but can spread 4 to 8 feet. A subshrub, it stands 2 to 3 feet tall in winter but about twice that when in bloom. Bougainvilleas are … We’ve been landscaping throughout Florida for over 20 years, so we know a thing or two about how to pick the perfect plants that’ll thrive in the salty seascapes of Florida. Plant Name: Information: King Alfred® Dianella caerulea ‘JOHN316’ PBR A tidy plant with purple and yellow flowers from September to March. Landscape Plants for the Texas Coast, from Texas A&M Aggie Horticulture on-line I welcome comments from beach gardeners on this list. Despite it's name, Rose of Sharon is not related to roses at all. They’re pest-free, have a long blooming period, and are exceptionally hardy, making them a great choice for seaside landscapes. Remember, this is just a small sampling of the huge variety of salt-tolerant plants out there. Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil but tolerates wet soil. When dealing with areas where salt may be a problem, whether in seaside gardens or along a roadside, it is helpful to wash salt spray off plants and to … Salt exists in soil and in irrigation water, and for most plants, it’s really not a big deal if a little salt gets into the soil. Others are meant to grow up a structure, such as Virginia creeper. Highly tolerant to salt, drought, and abuse, this tough beauty can bring some evergreen joy to your life. On one hand, we love to love it—c’mon, tell us one whiff of a salty breeze doesn’t make you feel like you’ve been transported to a tropical paradise. Otherwise known as Southern bayberry, this beautiful plant is hardy and strong, easily growing on Florida coastlines. Salt-Tolerant Plants for Florida 3 Table 1. when planting in masses of different colors can give you that rainbow effect. These large plants that live only in the desert can grow up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. This succulent attains just a few inches in height but spreads out a foot or two along the earth. Nyalla® Lomandra longifolia ‘LM400’ PBR Evergreen, with fine leaf foliage that looks like a grass tree, but is trunkless, faster growing and doesn’t need annual trimming. Several sun-loving oaks are salt-tolerant. Easy, breeze, and beautiful blowing in the coastal wind, fountain grass is a must for all seaside landscapes looking for something durable but a touch flashy. The crisp edible rhizomes (texture and flavor of chestnuts) are commonly used in Asian cuisine and can be ground into a palatable meal. Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Moderately salt tolerant Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 3 in. Not that the biggest tree is always the best: You may want a more modest tree to plant near a patio, for example. True halophytes are the kings of the salt tolerant plants and can even drink seawater. Winterberry holly, despite its name, is really showier in autumn in cold climates. Pin oaks (zones 4 to 8) have deep-red foliage in fall and can attain a height of up to 70 feet. English ivy (zones 4 to 9), also evergreen, is a bigger plant (6 to 8 inches tall, with a spread of 15 feet) that likes partial shade best. To help answer the question, we wanted to put together a list of the top salt tolerant plants - both salt water tolerant plants and road salt tolerant plants - on the market. 1) Rugosa or Salt Spray Rose (Rosa rugosa) - These aren't the hybrid teas or long stemmed roses you find in a florist. This publication was developed in response to requests from participants in the Florida Yards & Neighborhoods (FYN) program in Miami-Dade County for a list of recommended low-maintenance landscape plants suitable for south Florida. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Rose of Sharon has been reported to be invasive in some states, including Virginia and … Salt tolerant shrubs can be used to form wind or splash breaks that will protect less tolerant plants. The resulting list includes over 350 low-maintenance plants. In winter, they wrinkle up in cold weather. Moss rose ( Portulaca grandiflora) Coleus ( Plectranthus scrtellarioides) Ivy geraniums ( Pelargonium peltatum) Shrub verbenas ( Lantana camara) Prickly pear cactus ( Opuntia spp .) Grow it in full sun for maximum flowering. Salt can have many harmful effects on plants. Maybe even thrive because of the salt. Even though oak trees aren’t the first thing we think of when our minds wander to salt-tolerant plants, there’s no denying these stately live oaks do exceptionally well in a salty environment. Salt-affected soils may contain excess soluble salts (saline soils), excess exchangeable sodium (sodic soils), or both (saline-sodic soils). Gumbo Limbo Bursera simaurubra Jerusalem Thorn Parkinsonia aculeata Botanical Name Common Name Map Walks Summary; Abelia x grandiflora: Glossy Abelia: Shrub : 4 feet, Groundcover, Deciduous, Full sun, Part shade, Zone 6a, Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0): Abies alba: Silver Fir: Spruces and Firs et al. Salt. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground, but do not root to the ground. Some plants, though, often called halophytes, can grow in soil or water that has high salinity—think of things like seashores, sloughs, marshes, mangrove swamps, and even semi-deserts. In such areas, substitute lilyturf (zones 4 to 10) for it to cover ground in partial shade. Plants In these areas may experience a sodium-induced ‘drought’, where they are unable to take up water. The right plant for the right place rule can be a little tricky, but luckily, we’re here to help. Swamp Azalea. We’re happy to provide you with our expertise, our knowledge, and even offer you our opinions on some of our favorite salt-tolerant plants for your coastal Florida landscape. Salt Tolerant Native Plants These native plants are tolerant of salt spray from de-icing salts used on roadways during winter. These will generally be perennials, annuals, or tender plants treated as annuals. In the list below, the asterisk (*) indicates a Coastal Southeast native. The berries hold up better in freezing temperatures than do those on winterberry shrubs. Shrubs help give your landscape design structure. Sumac has colorful fall foliage. For a different look altogether in a salt-tolerant ground cover, try wall germander (5 to 9). In Florida, the phrase “can’t live with it, can’t live without it” can absolutely, 100%, without a doubt apply to the coastal, salty environment. By contrast, prickly pear cactus looks like it should be tender, but it's not. Cedar, Atlas (40-60ft x 30-40ft) (E) Cedar, Deodor (50-70ft x 50-70ft) (E) Crape Myrtle (15-30ft x 10-25ft) (D) Cypress, Arizona (10-30ft x 8-20ft) (E) Ginkgo (20-40ft x 20-30ft) (D) Holly, American* (20-30ft x 15-20ft) (E) Holly, Foster’s* (20-30ft x 10-15ft) (E) Holly, Nellie Stevens* (10-20ft x 8-15ft) (E) Lacebark Elm (40-50ft x 30-40ft) (D) Standing 3 feet tall, it grows in full sun to partial shade. The irrigated wheat crop in Egypt has a salt tolerance of ECe=7.6 dS/m beyond which the yield declines. The Best Salt-Tolerant Plants for Your Coastal Florida Landscape. Because of the height they can reach, trees perform certain services in the landscape that other plants can't, such as furnishing shade. Grow it in full sun (zones 3 to 9) for best berry production. English Ivy (hedera helix) Now this choice really divides opinion, as its invasive nature means once it … Known for their durability, oak trees are pretty hurricane resistant and never struggle growing in a salty space. But salt is also a problem for Northern homeowners who grow gardens along roadsides where the town uses salt to melt ice during the winter. But this broadleaf evergreen with spiky leaves and tall stalks with white flowers grows in zones 5 to 10. They lose a lot of that yellow in summer, but it returns with a bang in fall. As a general rule of thumb, coastal native plants and desert plants / succulents tend to be salt tolerant plants. Some are viny ground-huggers, like creeping juniper. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. If you have coastal garden where sea salt will be a problem, don’t despair. Want to contact us directly? If you want a short plant for shade, miniature coleus is a great choice, reaching just a few inches tall. Standing 4 to 6 feet tall, this easy-to-grow rose puts out flowers in pink or white. Leaves. Reach out to us ASAP! The sandy soils found near beach areas retain less water and nutrients than less porous soils, so plants growing in the sand are especially susceptible to salt damage. Why? Planting on marine shorelines may be regulated, so check with your local government for rules. Grass-like, lilyturf becomes 9 to 18 tall and spreads 12 to 24 inches. That’s right, folks, you’re looking for an entire class of salt-tolerant plants, and it’s totally possible to find them with a little help. This full-sun plant is a great choice for rock gardens along roadsides or near the seashore. There are different types, including staghorn sumac (zones 4 to 8, full sun, 18 to 35 feet). Grow it in zones 5 to 9 in full sun. Stella de Oro (Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro') is an example of a daylily. Bee balm (zones 4 to 9) is more than just an ornamental with red or light-purple flowers. S 15 feet Geiger tree Cordia sebestena S 30 feet Japanese pagoda-tree Sophora japonica S 60 feet Daylily. Grow it in full sun for best results. Width: 1 ft. 0 in. CHINESE WATER CHESTNUT (Eleocharis dulcis) [Cyperaceae] is a moderately salt-tolerant (5-8 dS/m) rush-like, aquatic plant most prevalent in the coastal swamps of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. We can’t mention salt-tolerant plants without mentioning the crowning gem of Florida’s coastlines—the beach sunflower. Sound like Florida to you? Salt-Tolerant Trees for Florida Common Name Scientific Name Range in Florida Approximate Height Salt-Tolerant Plants Black olive Bucida buceras S 40 feet Bontia Bontia daphnoide S 30 feet Frangipani Plumeria spp. A salty spray carried on the winds only exacerbates the problem for would-be gardeners in seaside communities. Remember that one time your doctor told you that salt isn’t necessarily a bad thing when it comes to your diet, but it’s definitely one of those “only in moderation” situations if you’re trying to monitor your health? Scientists have a word for the most extreme salt tolerant plants - halophytes. This vine can become 30 to 50 feet long. In Florida, the phrase “can’t live with it, can’t live without it” can absolutely, 100%, without a doubt apply to the coastal, salty environment. They will provide an outstanding display of late summer flowering seed heads to color your landscape. There are ways to combine gardening with salt water soil. However, the bluish-gray plant produces large white lily-like flowers—hence the common name desert lily. Search. The tolerance or response of plants to salt can vary with cultivars, the plant age and growth stage, environ-mental conditions, cultural practices, irrigation manage-ment, soil fertility, and the intensity of other stresses on the plant. Happily, a variety of such selections is available, ranging from annuals and perennials to shrubs and trees. Requiring almost no attention, this grass will flourish in high salt, full sun environments. Grow them in full sun. Easy to establish, highly salt-tolerant, and exceptionally beautiful, daylilies provide a little drop of color in the midst of a salty environment. It becomes just 1 foot tall but spreads 5 feet. 1. Growing Salt Resistant Gardens. The salt tolerance of barley during grain production is half as low as compared to its tolerance during vegetative growth stages. If you are lucky, salt damage may manifest itself only in leaf burn; but the worst cases progress from leaf drop to death. Anna's Choice is a vigorous upright to spreading evergreen shrub that is resistant to deer, salt, and is tolerant of a variety of moisture conditions from periodic droughts to periodic flooding. On one hand, we love to love it—c’mon, tell us one whiff of a salty breeze doesn’t make you feel like you’ve been transported to a tropical paradise. Click our contact page and fill out our info form here! Give us a call at (727)-201-3540. Salt-Tolerant Plants. Daylilies like to grow in full sun, but can take full shade very well, provided it is not a deep … I agree to receive further communication from Landcrafters, The Best Salt-Tolerant Plants for Your Coastal Florida Landscape, Common Commercial Landscaping Issues & How to Fix Them ASAP, Getting to the Root of the Problem: What to Do When Tree Roots Become Dangerous. Growing about four-feet tall and four feet wide, this upright plant has a pink (almost purple) fluorescence that’s feathery and fun. It reaches 12 inches tall and puts out golden flowers. Canary Island date palms are one of the types of palm trees that tolerate salt very well. When it is absorbed into the plant, it can act as a poison. Discover How to Bring Beachy Vibes Into Your Yard With These Ideas, Knowing Your Soil Type Will Help Your Garden Grow, 15 Best Zone 8 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 15 Best Zone 7 Plants to Put In Your Garden, Best Flowers, Shrubs, Vines, and Trees That Attract Hummingbirds. Celtis occidentalis – Common Hackberry ∆ native In other situations, it can break down flower buds so that they cannot open properly. Plants and flowers by post: Here at Boundary Nursery, our aim is to only send you good quality plants of the highest quality. It is one of the best vines for fall color (the leaves become reddish). These butterfly-attracting plants are native to Florida and line the beaches. Ground covers can help lower your landscape maintenance. Sure, the parts of this plant are toxic if eaten, but that doesn’t mean it’s not a great addition to a sea-side landscape so long as it’s kept away from pets and children. This makes them classic street trees. In most cases, planting native plants by hand doesn't need a permit. This is a broadleaf, evergreen subshrub that becomes just 1 foot tall. - 2 ft. 0 in. Plants for a coastal position: Once the windbreak is in place, quite a wide range of plants can be grown that are tolerant to coastal, salt laden air – here’s our coastal selection. Both ivy geraniums and Lantana come in a variety of colors and should be grown in full sun. But it is an invasive plant in some areas. Either way we get all fall and winter to enjoy the beauty this durable native evergreen shrub provides. This plant is moderately salt tolerant. It bears reddish-orange rose hips and grows flowers in beautiful spurts of pink, purple, yellow, or white. Need some advice for even more types of plants? Scientific name Common name Scientific name Common name Andropogon virginicus Broom sedge Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Aquilegia canadensis Wild columbine Scirpus acutus hard-stemmed bulrush Bougainvillea makes a good salt tolerant plant with its many colorful flowers, but be careful because in the midst of all that beauty these plants have thorns. Moss rose is a drought-tolerant, creeping annual that flowers in a variety of colors. If it’s insight, inspo, and advice you seek, subscribe to our regularly updated blog right here to stay in-the-know and up-to-date! Item# 10202. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Adam's needle is another of those plants that looks like it belongs more in the Southwest than in cold regions such as New England. This rose is unlike other roses because it’s not at all fussy, grows like a woody shrub, and thrives in high sun, bad soil, and plenty of salt in its diet. On the other hand, it can make our lives a whole heck of a lot harder—especially when it comes to keeping a lush, Florida landscape. Virginia creeper (zones 4 to 9) is aggressive but indigenous to North America. Swamp Rose-Mallow. Hardy to zone 2, this perennial produces yellow flowers, is deer-resistant, and becomes 6 to 18 inches tall. A total of nine plants, three of each: Maiden Hair Grass, Heavy Metal … Sunburst honey locusts (full sun, zones 4 to 9) are tough trees that tolerate a number of challenging conditions, including salt, pollution, dry soil, and compacted soil. White oaks don't have as spectacular a fall color (reddish-brown) and get taller (80 feet). Easy to care for and exceptionally salt tolerant, this native Florida shrub will thrive in full sun and—bonus—is an excellent host for butterflies and birds. Tolerates salt spray Tolerates salty soil. - 0 ft. 6 in. Bayberry shrubs, famous for the candles made from their berries, are best grown in zones 3 through 7 in full sun. The solution to this problem is to select salt-tolerant plants. Characterization of Saline and Sodic Soils. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Rosa rugosa is so salt-tolerant that it is called the "beach rose." The following information is included for each species: common name, scientific name, maximum size, growth rate (vines only), light preference, salt tolerance, and other useful characteristics. Common Name. The salt in water given to plants can displace other minerals that plants need. Any garden in the salt splash zone, whether from the roadside or a treated walkway requires special consideration when planting.There is no need to let road salt dictate your entire landscape plan; just site salt tolerant plants where you need to and begin to add other favorite perennials further back from the roads and walkways. But when excess concentrations of salts dissolve into soil water, well that’s where things get tricky. Whether you’re running your own residential landscape just for fun or you need to make sure your commercial landscaping on the coast is fresh as can be, these plants, flowers, and more are the perfect pick for your salt-tolerant needs. It becomes 3 to 15 feet tall. Salt adapted perennials are what coastal gardeners should plant in their exposed beach landscapes. It is fragrant, columnar (commonly 30 feet tall and just 8 feet wide), has reddish-brown bark, and sports bluish, berry-like cones eaten by wild birds. Want to get notified when Landcrafters posts new blog posts about landscaping trends and the ways you can enhance your green area yourself? Large quantities of salt in the soil do not mix well with the plants that you would like to grow in that soil. Size can vary by cultivar. Moderately Salt Tolerant. Well, that’s sort of the same thing when it comes to most plants. Tender and treated as an annual in the North, it is a popular foliage plant. Oleander is fast-growing, blooms beautiful flowers, and can grow pretty much directly beachside without any issue. The family name reveals this heat-tolerant plant is not a true lily but it’s more related to agave plants. Growing 40 to 50 feet tall, they are cold-hardy to 18 Fahrenheit. Salt Tolerant Plants for Florida, from the University of Florida IFAS publication #ENH26. Both are tender plants and commonly used in annual hanging baskets in the North. Red oaks are similar to pin oaks but get bigger (75 feet or more). The brand name or trade name for this plant is BREEZE®, and should not be confused with the true cultivar name. Aim for a mix of great flowering plants and foliage plants. Scientifically known as Nerium oleander, this salty-hardy beauty has a bit of a mixed-up reputation. Include some short plants and some medium-sized plants in your salt-tolerant plant selection to ensure having some knockout flower beds. ... Salt Tolerance. When too much salt dissolves in water, the sodium and chloride ions separate and then can cause harm to the plants when they’re readily absorbed and transported to the leaves. Salt in the soil can stop water from getting to the roots of plants. Salt tolerance of crops is the maximum salt level a crop tolerates without losing its productivity while it is affected negatively at higher levels. Often the most salt tolerant plants are also those which tolerate drought. Juniperus virginiana (zones 2 to 9, full sun) gives you a choice for an evergreen tree. That's when its red berries look nicest. They become 10 feet tall if not pruned. It is also an herb used to make tea and treat bee stings. Picking the perfect plants, trees, flora, fauna, groundcover, and more that can do more than just withstand the salty goodness of Florida coastal living is no easy task. The Bar Harbor juniper (zones 3 to 9) is one of the creeping junipers. These salt-tolerant ornamental grasses are perfect for coastal areas and locations with winter salting. Up better in freezing temperatures than do those on winterberry shrubs but bigger... Are cold-hardy to 18 tall and puts out golden flowers contact page and fill out our info here! 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These salt-tolerant ornamental grasses are perfect for hot, dry sites ( like on your landscape! Up better in freezing temperatures than do those on winterberry shrubs grow much... White lily-like flowers—hence the common name desert lily you can enhance your green area yourself your! Such selections is available, ranging from annuals and perennials to shrubs and.... Is called the `` beach rose. didyma ) Daylilies ( Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro ).