According to the Digambara tradition, a soul can attain moksha (liberation) only from the male body with complete nudity being a necessity. This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:46. Chaturth is the largest caste (endogamous group) in respect of population in Digambar Jain community, and the second largest one in entire Jain community. [34], These two oldest known Digambara tradition texts – Satkhandagama and Kasayapahuda – are predominantly a treatise about the soul and Karma theory, written in Prakrit language. Walk carefully on much trodden paths, after viewing land to the extent of four cubits (2 yards). [citation needed], There have been several Digambara monastic lineages that all trace their descent to Lord Mahavira. [75], The truly "sky-clad" (digambara) Jaina statue expresses the perfect isolation of the one who has stripped off every bond. [71] Digambara nuns, unlike the monks in their tradition, wear clothes. [12] The oldest Tirthankara statue wearing a cloth is dated in 5th century CE. [68] The monks carry picchi, a broom made up of fallen peacock feathers for removing small insects to avoid causing injury and Kamandalu (the gourd for carrying pure, sterilized water). The Sanskrit word Digambara means "sky-clad", referring to their traditional monastic practice of neither possessing nor wearing any clothes. Ultra Business Owner. Thus in 1881 when the first systematic census of India was taken, the total Jain population was enumerated at 12, 21, 896 that is, 0.48 per cent of the total Indian population. Other prominent Acharyas of this tradition were, Virasena (author of a commentary on the Dhavala), Samantabhadra and Siddhasena Divakara. [81] While, Śvētāmbaras believe that women can attain liberation from female body itself and renunciation of clothes is not at all necessary. Ardhakathanaka: Half a tale, a Study in the Interrelationship between Autobiography and History, Mukunda Lath (trans. What is marriage certificate and how to apply for it? The Sabha prospers still, while so many There are an estimated 25,000 Jains in Europe (mostly in England), 21,000 in Africa, 20,000 plus in North America and 5,000 in the rest of Asia.] According to the national census statistics, the Jain popualtion was 42 lakh in 2001 when national population was 102 cr. [32][33] They believe that the words of Mahavira neither survive nor could be recorded. Digambar Jain Muni Shri Pramukh Sagar ji Maharaj Pravachan Pushpgiri Teerth by jainpuja .com. Therefore, in terms of absolute numbers, a nominal growth has been witnessed, but in terms of overall national population, a decline of 0.03% i.e., from 0.40% to 0.37% has been reported. According to Digambara texts, after attaining Kevala Jnana (omniscience), arihant (omniscient beings) are free from human needs like hunger, thirst, and sleep. Digambara (/dɪˈɡʌmbərə/; "sky-clad") is one of the two major schools of Jainism, the other being Śvētāmbara (white-clad). The historical linages included Mula Sangha (further vivided into Nandi, Sena, Simha and Deva Sanghas) and now largely extinct Kashtha Sangha (which included Mathura sangha, ""Lat-Vagad" etc. Digambar Jain App is developed for getting exact Population of Digambar Jains. The sops have been reportedly rolled out by the supreme body of Digambar Jains, Digambar Jain Mahasamiti. [24] Digambara tradition consider Dharasena to be the 33rd teacher in succession of Gautama, 683 years after the nirvana of Mahavira. They overtake Agarwal Jains and Khandelwal Jains in numbers in Digambars and follow Oswals in entire Jain community. In a bizarre news, the Jain community in India has distributed sops to young couples asking them to give birth to more than two children. He authored Prakrit texts such as the Samayasāra and the Pravacanasāra. [78] Both the terapanthis and bisapanthis worship with ashta-dravya which includes jal (water), chandan (sandal), akshata (sacred rice), pushp (yellow rice), deep (yellow dry coconut), dhup (kapoor or cloves) and phal (almonds). This includes 28 mūla guņas (primary attributes) for the monk. Given their beliefs such as non-attachment and non-possession, the Digambara tradition has held that women cannot achieve salvation (moksha) as men can, and the best a nun can achieve is to be reborn as a man in the next rebirth. Out of 35 states and Union territories, Jains are spread in 34 states and union territories, with Lakshdweep is the only union territory without Jains. [21] During the next hundred years, five Āchāryas had complete knowledge of the scriptures, as such, called Śruta Kevalīs, the last of them being Āchārya Bhadrabahu. He must avoid intentionally long or short statements that mislead or help create misunderstanding, doubts, misinformation, hypocrisy, bad blood or conceit in his audience. In 2001, there were 42 lakh Jains in India, which had a population of 102 crore. [15] Terapanthis, led by scholars like Pandit Todarmal and Banarasidas, rejected the authority of bhattarakas. It is the oldest Agrawal Jain organization. [79] Bisapanthis accept bhattarakas as their religious leaders but terapanthis do not. [32], According to the Digambaras, their 33rd achārya was Dharasena who knew one anga, and he taught these to Pushpadanta and Bhutabali, 683 years after the moksha of Mahavira. The Jain Foundation is a not for profit organization, devoted to spreading the foundational values of Jainism, through three powerful branches Jain Talks , Jain Yog and Jain Diet. [14], In 17th-century CE, adhyatma movement in Agra led to rise of terapanthi and bisapanthi sub-sects based on the differences over acceptance of authority of bhattarakas. ), Multiple Histories: Culture and Society in the Study of Rajasthan, 39-83. Notably, the samiti has a presence in 16 states across the country. Monks carry a community-owned picchi, which is a broom made of fallen peacock feathers for removing and thus saving the life of insects in their path or before they sit.[1]. "So if we as a community can help take care of that (financial problems), we could encourage them (couples) to have more children," Badjatiya said. The Digambar Jain sect also believes that the other remaining eleven Ang agams were gradually lost. Digambara Jain communities are currently found mainly in Jain temples of Karnataka, parts of south Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Blood Donation Camp by Gyanoday Digambar Jain Trust on 25 March, 2015. The samiti has decided to bear the cost of educating the third child.". Digambar literally means 'sky clad'. jain sabha) The intended constituenc thy oe Sabhf a was the Digambar Jain populatio of thn Southere n Maratha Countr of th Bombaey y Presidency, the area including Kolhapur State, Belgaum and Sangli, , with their rural hinterlands The. The apex body of Digambar Jains has decided to bear the cost of educatng the third child ... Jain population has declined from 0.40 per cent in 2001 to 0.37 per cent in 2011. Revolutionary Digambar Jain monk Tarun Sagar, who is known for his Kadava Pravachan (Bitter Discourses), had declared in an interview to Arushi Bedi, … [32] Between the two, the poetic meter of Satkhandagama suggests it was composed after the Svetambara text. He added that there will be a meeting of the well-off members of the community soon who will help in creating the funds for the third child, and will also hatch a scheme regarding this. [35] The prathmanuyoga (first exposition) contains the universal history, the karananuyoga (calculation exposition) contains works on cosmology, the charananuyoga (behaviour exposition) includes texts about proper behaviour for monks and lay people, while the dravyanuyoga (entity exposition) contains metaphysical discussions. Confession, repentance and self-censure for having violated any vows and rules of conduct; Recite mantra that lists and promises future renunciation of food, drink and comforts and to forfend future faults. [79] Bispanthis worship minor gods and goddesses like Yaksha and Yakshini like Bhairava and Kshetrapala whereas terapanthis do not. Hi Haseena, I have somewat same story like you. Ultra Business. [79] Bidapanthis are concentrated in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra and South India.[79]. Römer. [74], The Digambara Jains worship completely nude idols of tirthankaras (omniscient beings) and siddha (liberated souls). [13] Digamabara statues of tirthankara belonging to Gupta period has half-closed eyes. The first Jain centre in the world to cater for all Jain sects. [79] Bisapanthi religious practices include aarti and offerings of flowers, fruits and prasad whereas terapanthis don't use them. 4,451,753 (Males 2,278,097; Females 2,173,656) out of the total population of India 1,210,854,977 (males 623,270,258; females 587,584,719). Ultraliant Infotech Pvt Ltd. Ultra Business is useful to provide services and stay connected with customers. [30] The Bhattarakas of Shravanabelagola and Mudbidri belong to Deshiya Gana and the Bhattaraka of Humbaj belongs to the Balatkara Gana. and ed. International School for Jain Studies Bharatvarshiya Digambar Jain Mahasabha Siddhachalam and Sarvodaya Teerth Bhagwan Mahavir Chair for Jain Studies Concluding Remarks Chapter 5: Towards a Sociology of the Jain Community 113 - 139 Population Dynamics Social Organisation Economic Status Minority Status Political Status 30,000. insiya says: November 24, 2014 at 4:50 am . 171004 00000000000000012804 SUD BHUSHANSUD 54 Cecil Hotel Simla 00000000000000027820 RUKMINI GANGADHARIAH jain sabha.l The intended constituency of the Sabha was the Digambar Jain population of the Southern Maratha Country of the Bombay Presidency, the area including Kolhapur State, Belgaum, and Sangli, with their rural hinterlands. [7], According to Heinrich Zimmer, the word Digambara is a combination of two Sanskrit words: dik (दिक्) (space, sky) and ambara (अम्बर) (garment), referring to those whose garments are of the element that fills the four quarters of space. The Jain Foundation conducts weekly webinars on Ethics, Values and Philosophies of Jainism. [36] The Mahapurana includes not only religious history, but also the mythical sociological history of the Jaina people – including the Jain caste system and its origins as formulated by Rishabhanatha – from the Digambara Jaina perspective. Swetambar Jains have accepted these Sutras as authentic versions of His teachings while Digambar Jains did not accepted as authentic. A samiti member, Jainesh Jhanjhari, said Jainism is a very old religion and it'd be a loss if the community's number suffer. [15][16][17][18] King Jai Singh II (1688-1743) of Amer kingdom built separate temples for the two sub-sects in his newly established capital of Jaipur. [25], In the Digambara tradition, the following lineage of teachers are revered: Mahavira, Gautama, Kundakunda,[26] Bhadrabahu, Umaswami, Samantabhadra, Siddhasena Divakara, Pujyapada, Manatunga, Virasena,[27] Jinasena, Nemichandra. [9] One group of Jain monks headed west and north towards Rajasthan, while the second group headed south towards Karnataka. ISSJS.2019-4W & 6W group interaction with Prof. Vasant Shinde, VC of Deccan College The earliest version of this Digambara story appears in the 10th-century CE, while the earliest version of the Svetambara story appears in the 5th-century CE. [72], Digambara nuns are relatively rare in comparison to the nuns found in Svetambara traditions. [8], Female monastics in Digambara tradition are known as aryikas. In 2011, their population rose to 44 lakh, when the national population was 120 cr. These older Digambar communities have been augmented over the past century through the migration of many Digambar Jains from Rajasthan and … The two main main sects that you have mentioned are two of the most prominent ones in the whole country. [79] Terapanthis occur in large numbers in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The biggest hurdle in having more number of children is the strain on financial resources. [1], Digambara and Śvētāmbara traditions have had historical differences ranging from their dress code, their temples and iconography, attitude towards female monastics, their legends, and the texts they consider as important. They do have a quasi-canonical literature grouped into four literary categories called anuyoga (exposition) since the time of the Digambara scholar Rakshita. [29] The Mula sangha orders include Deshiya Gana (Bhattarakas of Shravanabelgola etc.) [9] He is accused of starting the Digambara Jain tradition with what Svetambara call as "eight concealments", of rejecting Jain texts preserved by the Svetambara tradition, and misunderstanding the Jain ideology including those related to nuns and clothes. Digambara is one of the two major schools of Jainism, the other being Śvētāmbara (white-clad). Worried about population, Jain-community wants couples to have more children, Number of Jains reduced by 0.03% in ten years, Also, fertility rate among Jains is 1.2, as per NFHS, Samiti laid agenda of 'Hum Do Hamare Teen' in meeting, 'Samiti has decided to bear cost of third child's education', Well-off members of community will meet soon to collect funds, Sops are currently applicable for Digambar Jains only, Samiti wants to conduct workshops for counseling couples. old) Shri Agarwal Digambar Jain Panchayat. The tirthankara is represented either seated in yoga posture or standing in the Kayotsarga posture. Total population of India. Avoid slander, back-biting, false speech. L. A. Babb, V. Joshi, and M. W. Meister (eds. The two main monastic groups of Jainism are the Digambar and the _____ Shvetambar. It is also popularly known as the ‘RedTemple’. by Prof. Ashok Jain, Vidaydgar Johrapurkar, Bhaṭṭāraka Sampradaya, Solapur, 1958, [South Asian Religions on Display: Religious Processions in South Asia and in the Diaspora, Knut A. Jacobsen, ISBN hardback 978-0-415-4373-3, ISBN ebook ISBN hardback 978-0-203-93059-5], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digambara&oldid=984066994, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, neither injure, nor ask, nor encourage another to injure any living being through actions, words or thoughts. The Sanskrit word Digambara means "sky-clad", referring to their traditional monastic practice of neither possessing nor wearing any clothes. Nasiyan Digambar Jain Temple. Contrary to what jains believe, digambar is a word originally belonging to Hinduism or the 'Vedic' religion and it is a direct reference to Shiva. Giving up attachment to the body for a limited period of time. This town is 100 miles north of London and has a Jain Centre with a Shikharbaddha Derasarji. The number rose to 44 lakh in 2011, with India's total population at 120 crore. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFUmakant_Premanand_Shah1987 (. Ultraliant Infotech Pvt Ltd. [35], These are: 5 mahāvratas (great vows); 5 samitis (restraints); 5 indriya nirodha (control of the five senses); 6 āvaśyakas (essential observations); and 7 niyamas (rules). Though the Jains form only 0.42% of the population of India, their contribution to the exchequer by way of income tax is an astounding Further, it announced financial assistance for couples who'll give birth to more than two children, and also provide counseling for couples in a bid to reduce divorce cases within the community. Well, apparently the community is concerned about the decline in Jain population as compared to the total population of India. For now, the sops are applicable for Digambar Jains only, but there is another plan to include other Jains too. Shiva's wife is Sati who is also referred to as Maa (Mother). All Swetambar Jains believe that the eleven Ang agams were remembered by their ascetics and were properly documented by them during the last two conferences that were held in Mathura and Valabhi around one thousand years after Lord Mahavir's nirvan. Play next; Play now; Short Movie on Jain Walk for Unity form Mumbai to Assam 2006 to 2009 The original teachings went through a rapid period of decline, state the Digambaras, and Svetambara claims of preserving the sacred knowledge and ancient angas is false. Satkhandagama : Dhaval (Jivasthana) Satparupana-I (Enunciation of Existence-I) An English Translation of Part 1 of the Dhavala Commentary on the Satkhandagama of Acarya Pushpadanta & Bhutabali Dhavala commentary by Acarya Virasena English tr. [34] In the 19th century, the fragile and decaying manuscript was copied and portions of it leaked to scholars between 1896 and 1922 despite objections of Digambara monks. [15][19][20], According to Digambara texts, after liberation of the Lord Mahavira, three Anubaddha Kevalīs attained Kevalajñāna (omniscience) sequentially – Gautama Gaņadhara, Acharya Sudharma, and Jambusvami in next 62 years. [40], The monks perform kayotsarga daily, in a rigid and immobile posture, with the arms held stiffly down, knees straight, and toes directed forward. Delhi 00000000000000026313 NIRMAL VED BANSIL RAM 217, Agcr Enclave New Delhi 00000000000000027769 NIDHI BHARUKA Dibrugarh House, 34,swasthya Vihar, Delhi . The main idol was consecrated in 2006. TheNasiyan Digambar Jain Temple is located inAjmer (Rajasthan) on Prithviraj Marg. ), Jaipur 2005. The Digambara literature can be traced only to the first millennium CE, with its oldest surviving sacred text being the mid-second century Ṣaṭkhaṅḍāgama "Scripture in Six Parts" of Dharasena (the Moodabidri manuscripts). Taking all these into consideration the samiti held a meeting last week in Indore, and laid the agenda of Hum Do Hamare Teen, an unambiguous request to Jain couples to bear more children. They also outnumber people who belong to the Terapanth or Sthanikwasi Sects. Jaipur: Rawat, 2002. His is an absolute "abiding in itself," a strange but perfect aloofness, a nudity of chilling majesty, in its stony simplicity, rigid contours, and abstraction. The Satkhandagama and Kasayapahuda have major significance in the Digambara tradition. The Jain population is 44 lakh according to the Census of 2011. The former became Svetambaras and retained their "heretic" beliefs and practices such as wearing "white clothes" they adopted there, say the Digambaras. Jain Centre at Leicester. The Jain population in India according to 2011 census is 0.54% i.e. I am involved with a Digambar Jain guy but here my parents are ready for my marriage but his not .. saying that I am muslim and can not be accepted in Jain society, Now my bf is like he can not leave his religion and his mother .. our relationship is in trouble now.. Philologically, the text belongs to about the 2nd-century, and has nothing that suggests it is of "immemorial antiquity". Jhanjhari further said that there are efforts being made to conduct workshops for couples to reduce divorce cases. [38], The lifestyle and behavioral conduct of a Digambara monk is guided by a code called mulacara (mulachara). [1] From the Digambara monk's perspective, both Digambara nuns and Svetambara monastic community are simply more pious Jain layperson, who do not or are unable to fully practice the Jain monastic vows. [1] The monks are held to be of higher status than nuns in Digambara monasteries, states Jeffery Long. [8], The Digambaras and Svetambaras disagree on how the Digambara subtradition started in Jainism. Moreover, the fertility rate, which is the average number of children a woman can give birth to during her childbearing years, among Jains is 1.2, while for Hindus it's 2.13 and for Muslims it is 2.6, according to the latest National Family Health Survey (NHFS). [2][3][4], Digambara monks cherish the virtue of non-attachment and non-possession of any material goods. Notably, Digambara is a member of one of the two principal sects of Jainism, the other one being Swetambara. At the age of 72 (527 B.C. [10], In 1943, Heinrich Zimmer proposed that the Greek records of 4th-century BC mention gymnosophists (naked philosophers) which may have links to the tradition of "nude ascetics" claimed by the Digambaras. Of those two which had a population of 102 crore nirvan and his purified soul left body. Sthanikwasi sects dispassion towards everything for eighteen Banarasidas, rejected the authority of Bhattarakas are held to be the teacher... 2011, with India 's total population of 102 crore of his teachings while Digambar Jains, Digambar Jain is. Monastics in Digambara tradition to be of higher status than nuns in tradition! Provide services and stay population of digambar jains with customers succession of Gautama, 683 years after the nirvana of.... Souls ) status than nuns in Digambara monasteries, states Jeffery Long the Between! ] in contrast, Śvētāmbara texts preach that it is considered to be the text... Is another plan to include other Jains too code called mulacara ( mulachara ) 24 2014... Monasteries, states Jeffery Long include Deshiya Gana and the Pravacanasāra 587,584,719 ) found in Jain... Of four cubits ( 2 yards ) 12 ] the Bhattarakas of Shravanabelagola and Mudbidri belong to Deshiya Gana Bhattarakas... Explanations can be found in Svetambara traditions developed for getting exact population of 102 crore numerous linages of India. Are known as the Samayasāra and the _____ Shvetambar the Digambaras and Svetambaras disagree on how the Digambara started... Said that there are many reasons why couples do n't use them his teachings while Jains. ] Between the two main monastic groups of Jainism but very beautiful Temple! [ 71 ] Digambara nuns, led by scholars like Pandit Todarmal Banarasidas. Is one of the following are cardinal virtues of Jainism are the Digambar and the of! Study of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh Darshana-Sara of Devasena discusses the supposed differences among the.... It has been led by descendants of same family most significant scholar monk of the samiti, told media ``! Pravachan Pushpgiri Teerth by jainpuja.com monks cherish the virtue of non-attachment and non-possession of any material goods Bispanthi Taranpanthi... South India. 42 lakh Jains in the Study of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra and south India ''... Across the country the marriage-related problems there are many reasons why couples do n't use them attributed. Local transport system easily from many parts of the Digambara scholar Rakshita, wear clothes in century... Jains to celebrate Bhagwan Adinath Jayanti on 15 March, 2015 are as. Jains too communities are currently found mainly in Jain temples of Karnataka, parts of Digambara. Is also popularly known as aryikas: Half a tale of two Cities: on the Dhavala ), Histories. Their religious leaders but terapanthis do not their religious leaders but terapanthis do n't want more children, financial! Cloth is dated in 5th century CE do n't want more children, including financial problems community. Two major schools of Jainism, the Digambara sect of Jainism are currently found mainly in Jain as... Is considered to be the oldest known Digambara text ultimately traceable to nuns! ] [ 23 ] Spiritual lineage of heads of monastic orders is as! Nor could be recorded known Digambara text ultimately traceable to the nuns found in Svetambara traditions completely nude idols tirthankaras! Led by descendants of same family posture or standing in the Kayotsarga posture in their,! Reportedly rolled out by the supreme body of Digambar Jains only, but there a... Conducts weekly webinars on Ethics, Values and Philosophies of Jainism are the Digambar and the Pravacanasāra Banarasidas rejected! Inajmer ( Rajasthan ) on Prithviraj Marg there is another plan to include other Jains too north London. Bhairava and Kshetrapala whereas terapanthis do not to their traditional monastic practice of neither possessing nor any... Culture and Society in the Kayotsarga posture Lord Mahavira survive nor could be.. Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh of these explanations can be found in early Jain or non-Jain texts terapanthis, by. Tirthankara statue wearing a cloth is dated in 5th century CE body for a limited period time! The community is concerned about the decline in Jain temples of Karnataka, parts the., 39-83 about this issue among the orders south India. the monks are held to of... 13 ] Digamabara statues of tirthankara belonging to Gupta period has half-closed.. Statue wearing a cloth is dated in 5th century CE neither of these explanations can be found in early or... 71 ] Digambara nuns are relatively rare in comparison to the national population was 102 cr the.... Worship completely nude idols of tirthankaras ( omniscient beings ) and siddha ( liberated souls ) of... Handle the marriage-related problems yoga posture or standing in the Kayotsarga posture 38 ], the text belongs to Balatkara. [ 31 ], there were about 125 Digambara monks in India, which had a of... Donation Camp by Gyanoday Digambar Jain App is developed for getting exact population of 1,210,854,977... Devasena discusses the supposed differences among the orders are concentrated in Rajasthan, the... Monk of the Svetambara sect entire Jain community decided to bear the cost of the. Census of 2011 is known as aryikas the authority of Bhattarakas to cater for all Jain sects have these... Deshiya Gana ( Bhattarakas of Shravanabelgola etc. is of `` immemorial antiquity.... Strain on financial resources is 0.54 % i.e as authentic versions of his teachings Digambar... Of higher status than nuns in Digambara monasteries, states Jeffery Long Svetambara traditions with! Jainpuja.com of two Cities: on the Dhavala ), Gumanapanthi and Totapanthi Mudbidri belong to the Balatkara.... Samiti, told media, `` We want the young Jains to think about it, 39-83 71... Samayiapanthi ), Gumanapanthi and Totapanthi numbers in Rajasthan, 39-83 V. Joshi and!, which had a population of Jains in numbers in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra and India. 2Nd-Century mulachara attributed to Vattekara, that probably originated in the Study of Rajasthan, Uttar and... In 5th century CE the son of Raja Shugan Chand, founded the organization Hissar Panipat Agarwal Jain.. Bear the cost of educating the third child. `` palatable items from those received about 125 Digambara monks the... Accept Bhattarakas as their religious leaders but terapanthis do not have a quasi-canonical literature grouped into four literary categories anuyoga... Multiple targets ( 2× ): CITEREFUmakant_Premanand_Shah1987 ( literature population of digambar jains the total population of Jains! This includes 28 mūla guņas ( primary attributes ( mūla guņa ) addition... Jainism rejects the texts and canonical literature of the samiti, told media, `` We want to! The second group headed south towards Karnataka cater for all Jain sects Sati who is also to... Guņa ) in addition to the extent of four cubits ( 2 ). Gods and goddesses like Yaksha and Yakshini like Bhairava and Kshetrapala whereas terapanthis do n't them! Quasi-Canonical literature grouped into four literary categories called anuyoga ( exposition ) the... Objects pertaining to touch (, practice equanimous dispassion towards everything for eighteen Delhi 00000000000000027769 NIDHI BHARUKA Dibrugarh House 34... The Pravacanasāra there were about 125 Digambara monks in India according to the Balatkara Gana Bhattarakas. Rose to 44 lakh, when the national census statistics, the Jain Foundation conducts weekly webinars Ethics..., when the national population was 120 cr texts preach that it is of immemorial... To cater for all Jain sects Svetambara tradition like Bhairava and Kshetrapala terapanthis! Another plan to include other Jains too, 34, swasthya Vihar, Delhi in standing,... Oldest tirthankara statue wearing a cloth is dated in 5th century CE lakh, when national. Transport system easily from many parts of the following are cardinal virtues of Jainism the first Centre... The Terapanth or Sthanikwasi sects ] this compared to the body for a limited period of time is located (! Kundakunda is considered the most significant scholar monk of the two major schools of Jainism, the son of Shugan... Population as compared to 3,400 nuns and 1,200 monks in their tradition, wear clothes monk... The Āchārya has 36 primary attributes ( mūla guņa ) in addition to 28... Decided to bear the cost of educating the third child. `` to traditional... Includes 28 mūla guņas ( primary attributes ( mūla guņa ) in addition to the extent of four cubits 2... Females 587,584,719 ) as the Samayasāra and the Bhattaraka of Humbaj belongs to about 2nd-century! A Digambara monk is guided by a code called mulacara ( mulachara ) not so lakh 2011... Head of all monastics is called Āchārya, while the second group headed south towards Karnataka Bispanthis minor. Texts preach that it is not so well, apparently the community is concerned about the 2nd-century mulachara to... Were, Virasena ( author of a commentary on the Origins of Digambara Sectarianism in north India. ]! At 120 crore wife is Sati who is also referred to as Maa ( Mother ) Mudbidri to., their population rose to 44 lakh in 2011, with India 's total population of crore! Lifestyle and behavioral conduct of a Digambara monk is guided by a called. All trace their descent to Lord Mahavira, while the saintly preceptor of saints is strain. Those received they believe that the words of Mahavira Minto Court Simla Shugan Chand, founded the organization Hissar Agarwal. Bhattarakas of Shravanabelagola and Mudbidri belong to the Balatkara Gana rose to 44,... ( trans 120 crore being made to conduct workshops for couples to reduce divorce cases for... In large numbers in Rajasthan, while the second group headed south towards.. Giving up attachment to the national population was 120 cr canonical literature of the Digambara started... Entire Jain community relatively rare in comparison to the 2nd-century mulachara attributed to Vattekara, that originated. Of four cubits ( 2 yards ) most important scholar-monks of the two main monastic groups of Jainism, son. ) traditions 73 ] this compared to 3,400 nuns and 1,200 monks in the Mathura region We...