The Office of Civil Affairs within the provincial government also reports to the Department of Disaster and Social Relief in Beijing. The needs of the affected population would have been a staggering burden for the provincial government at any time but the floods have come a year after a severe drought in the north-east. In the worst affected county in each province more than 60% of the area was covered by water. 79. According to governmental estimates, 223 million people - one fifth of China's population were affected, 3,004 people died and 15 million were made homeless. 15 million farmers lost their crops. China Floods Call Into Question Sustainability Of Massive Three Gorges Dam. Published. 84. They should be provided with temporary shelter materials and tents, and material for emergency repair of damaged houses when the water recedes. Time: 9 - 16 September This image was created using two SAR acquisitions (09 June 1993 – 01 August 1993) which have been superimposed to highlight the normal and flooded situations. In the north, the severe winter weather (down to -30C) is only six weeks away and the fight against the flood water has been replaced by a struggle to protect over one million homeless against the cold. The UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission identified the following priority needs for immediate international assistance, as described in this report; 18. V. Means of delivering international assistance. The image is superimposed and uses a semi-transparent layer which highlights the river in light blue. The Three Gorges dam is discharging flood. Is China staring at a … It assists in meeting international needs for early and qualified information on the situation and, when necessary, in the coordination of international relief at the site of the emergency. Stay at Boyang county for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit by boat to Boyang County 29. Most other hospitalizations were caused by injuries from the efforts to reduce the effects of the floods. 33. The Ministry is responsible for the overall mobilization of national resources, and is also playing a role in the coordination of international aid. A small number of tents donated by the governments of Japan, the Netherlands and Norway were the only evidence of international assistance. Stay at Yangxin County for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit to Yangxin County by boat This image was acquired on 01 August 1998 over Huarong (200km south-west of Wuhan), and the Yangtze River. It was noted that China's advanced prevention policy, based on timely predictions/forecasting and early warning, greatly contributed to the outcome of the struggle against the floods. Donations reported to OCHA by Government donors and through the Red Cross amounted to US $ 15 million as of September 29, 1998, for China as a whole. Cement, bricks, and timber are required for this. Along the dykes and in the relocation camps, medical clinics were well organized to provide free health care. This will ensure that future flooding does not pose a threat to the population and will allow the maximum cultivation of low-lying farmland. 49. 13:00-18:00 - Travel by bus to Pai Zhou and field visit to Pai Zhou (by boat, 70km) More than 4,000 medical clinics collapsed or were seriously damaged. 13:00-18:00 - Travel by boat to Nanchang July 26, 1996 Web posted at: 2:30 p.m. EDT (1830 GMT) (CNN) -- About 1,500 people have died in floods that are sweeping across vast areas of central and southern China. 8. 89. 2. County medical teams were constantly monitoring the quality of drinking water. 9. There was only a very limited presence of international assistance in the field. The greatest damage was not from flash flooding, however, but unprecedented floods from breached embankments from the Yangtze river, its tributaries and lakes and from severe waterlogging which prevented water from draining into the rivers due to their record high levels. The Chinese Red Cross, The All China Women's Federation and smaller NGO's can play a role in the distribution of basic relief supplies during this final phase of the emergency. Outbreaks of measles or serious water-and food-borne diseases such as dysentery, hepatitis, typhoid and cholera have not yet been reported. 14:00- 18:00 - Travel to Harbin and briefing with provincial authority Following a request on 31 August from the Government of China to OCHA in New York through the Chinese Permanent Mission to the United Nations, the UNDAC team assisted the UNDMT in Beijing in preparing a United Nations inter-agency appeal to mobilize international emergency and immediate rehabilitation assistance to the most affected areas in China. In some cases whole villages have been swept away. Provincial authorities stated that the 1998 disaster was worse than the one in 1954. Water-pumps to drain arable land Despite the high measles coverage among children in China, measles outbreaks can occur with crowding and the lapse in routine childhood vaccination. The flood has taken its worst toll in those areas which previously served as natural flood plains for the Yangtze river and its tributaries. People living in temporary shelters, are exposed to rodents and insects which may become a major health threat. 39. In the summer of 1998, China suffered the worst floods in over 44 years. Guo Rui Xiang, UNDP China Hunan Province 5. In the longer term perspective, an in-depth assessment mission needs to be carried out when the water recedes in order to assess the damage and identify medium-term needs to facilitate the recovery of the agricultural activities in the region. 92. Their houses have either collapsed or have been partially destroyed by the floods and most of them have lost all sources of income. 47. It is crucial that international assistance to the flood victims in China be substantially increased, so that the conditions of the displaced people on dykes can be alleviated and their rehabilitation efforts facilitated. The magnitude and impact of the flood disaster in the provinces around the Yangtze river in the south of China is overwhelming. Stay at Nanchang for the night, 08:00-11:00 - Briefing by Jiangxi provincial authority The continuation of FAO's current programme of seeds and fertilizers for farmers is appropriate and timely. 20. Find help on how to use the site, read terms and conditions, view the FAQs and API documentation. List of alerts, ongoing and past disasters covered by ReliefWeb. No malnutrition was found in the areas that were observed by the UN mission. Farmers have also lost a considerable capacity to farm in the immediate and medium term through loss of assets: money, seed, tools, machines and irrigation infrastructure. Many flood victims lost their hand tools and cooking pots when their houses were destroyed. For over two months, 2,9 million homeless people have lived in insufficient shelters on narrow dykes along the Yangtze river, its tributaries and neighbouring lakes. There was an extensive loss of crops, particularly rice, maize and cotton. Population: 41 million, 167,000 sq. This is a serious problem and a major task for the provincial governments to provide adequate shelter, winter clothes, quilts, and fuel for cooking and heating. 40. Despite the large number of displaced people, the majority of the people are widely dispersed. 50. On the basis of data provided by the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Beijing, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Geneva issued, from early June to September 19, nine situation reports to inform the international community and to mobilize international assistance. Some government food stores were flooded as they were situated on low ground. Disaster features: sudden breaking of dykes in this area where most of the land was reclaimed from the Dongting lake (in essence, most of the communities are "islands" surrounded by dykes), 108 out of a total of 122 counties affected of which Anxiang county most affected (310,000 people on dykes in this county alone). 74. The Yangtze River, the longest … The appeal was launched by the UNDMT in Beijing on 23 September 1998, on the basis of the preliminary findings in this report. As reported by official media, donations from within China and overseas had reached US$ 192 million by the end of August. The number of beds occupied in hospitals in Anxiang county, Hunan Province, increased from 800 before the floods to 13,000 immediately after the floods (currently 3,000). Medical care services and medicine are provided free of charge to the victims. Figs. 72. In the affected provinces a number of counties have been designated "poverty stricken" by national or provincial authorities. There is evidence from the Red Cross that the situation in the Province of Inner Mongolia, although affecting a smaller population, has received much less attention than the other two northern provinces. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. 41. Yangtze River floods, floods of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central and eastern China that have occurred periodically and often have caused considerable destruction of property and loss of life. 3. First, crops close to mountain areas were subjected to flash flooding which destroyed any field that was in the path of the water rushing from the adjacent hills which were reported to have received more than one metre of rainfall within a couple of days. The Government has no known plans to provide food on a free basis except for those covered under the government relief plan. 44. Bank loans were being made available to farmers and resources were being made available to the county level government offices for providing local assistance for helping farmers to re-establish their farming activities. 21. If no action is taken to control the number of rodents and insects, an increase in vector-borne diseases is likely to occur in the coming weeks. Official government statistics indicate that in the two provinces more than 9 million people were affected and approximately one million were made homeless. Curated pages dedicated to humanitarian themes and specific humanitarian crises. Stay at Daan City for the night, 08:00 - 12:00 - Field visit to Daan County A mega-flood in 1998 caused tremendous losses in China and triggered major policy adjustments in flood-risk management. 81. In the administrative villages the disaster relief work is the responsibility of the magistrate. The Secretary General in the province has the responsibility to organize the disaster relief work, but the daily responsibility belongs to the disaster relief coordinator within the Office of Civil Affairs. 1998 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1998th year of the Common Era (CE) and ... Yangtze River Floods: in China the Yangtze river breaks through the main bank; before this, from August 1–5, peripheral levees collapsed consecutively in Jiayu County Baizhou Bay. Numerous schools have been damaged by the floods and all pupils that are attending school on dykes use temporary shelter (mainly tents) provided by the Government. Recommended emergency relief items include; medicines (in particular antibiotics and ORS); pesticides such as Rodenticide (Stratagem) to eliminate the rodents and insects; bleach powder and chlorine for purification of contaminated water; vehicles to transport medical teams and basic medical supplies, while maintaining the cold chain. 38. Many villages were flooded when crops growing a few hundred meters away on slightly higher ground (2-3m) were unaffected. 70. The impact on the rural population affected by the flood disaster is overwhelming. Terje Skavdal, UNDAC Large numbers of livestock were destroyed along with the fish farms. When on mission in China, September 1998, the UNDAC Team: 1. assists and works under the Authority of the United Nations Resident coordinator; 2. participates in the work of the United Nations Disaster management Team (DMT) in country, in support of the relief efforts of the country affected as well as those of the international humanitarian community; UNDMT members will accompany in the field visits (Northeast and South). The mission was accompanied by two officials from the Ministry of Civil Affairs. In Jiangxi province, the mission visited a village that had been devastated by a sudden mountain flash flood. It was reported to be the worst flood since 1998, and not 100 years as some in Beijing have said. 85. FIELD REPORT FROM THE YANGTZE RIVER BASIN IN THE SOUTH (HUBEI, JIANGXI AND HUNAN) SEPTEMBER 8 - 16, 1998. Due to the differences in disaster context, disaster phase, as well as the complexity of the two assessments, the mission report contains two separate field reports. At no point throughout the field trip did the United Nations assessment team observe more than 400 displaced people living together. Measles is likely to be a problem despite the reported high vaccine coverage levels. Among the most recent major flood events are those of 1870, 1931, 1954, 1998, and 2010. The earliest rice harvest would be in July, 1999. Emergency supplies (winter clothing, fuel and quilts) have not yet been delivered to all those in need. 78. The overall impact of these combined losses has been the loss of staple and cash crops, draught power and valuable livestock and poultry. Participants: Terje Skavdal (UNDAC), Gilbert Greenall (UNDAC), Ma Huiyun (UNDP China), Han Yujiao (MCA), Chen Yonggan (MCA interpreter), 08:10 - Flight 1609 to Changchun The dark and light shades of blue represent the conditional changes; Superimposed image - Normal/Flooded situation, (ERS-1) 09 June 1993 – (ERS-2) 01 August 1998, Hatoyama (Japan) 1993, Ulan Bator (Mongolia) 1998. 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