We explore the origins of agriculture and plant domestication at Oaxaca’s Ethnobotanical Garden. Mónica Lilian Pérez-Ochoa, José Luis Chávez-Servia, Araceli Minerva Vera-Guzmán, Elia Nora Aquino-Bolaños, José Cruz Carrillo-Rodríguez, Medicinal Plants Used by Indigenous Communities of Oaxaca, Mexico, to Treat Gastrointestinal Disorders, Pharmacognosy - Medicinal Plants [Working Title], 10.5772/intechopen.78419, (2019). The 816 individual reports documented were divided into nine groups of indigenous uses. The municipality is at an altitude of 140 meters above sea level, and covers 154.38 km 2, located on the left bank of the Santo Domingo river. J Appl Bot Food Qual 72 , 75 – 81 . Approximately 50,000 to 70,000 plant species are used for medicinal purposes worldwide, with 60% to 90% of these species collected from the wild and traded commercially (Laird and Pierce 2002).The value of the global market for medicinal plants is estimated at 32.9 billion USD, with an annual growth rate of 11% (Lawson 2015).In Latin America, gatherers of medicinal plants … Two-thirds of the state’s relief Medicinal and Aromatic Plants ( MAP S ) are the ingredients of herbal drugs, herbal preparations, and herbal medicinal products, besides traditional/ complementary medicines, house hold remedies and nutraceuticals. Plants provide food, medicine, shelter, dyes, fibers, oils, resins, gums, soaps, waxes, latex, tannins, and even contribute to the air we breathe. Medicinal plants used in some rural populations of Oaxaca, Puebla and Veracruz, Mexico. Plants can be consumed in teas, used as garnish, applied topically as essential oil or consumed as a pill. It is antiparasitic and is considered to be a reliable treat­­­ment for dysentery and gastrointestinal ­ailments. Medicinal plants are useful to keep on hand to treat common ailments. Of course, people in the past made “drug mixtures” just like people today do by mixing tobacco, alcohol, and medicines as they deem useful. B Frei, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich M Heinrich, Albert-Ludwigs-University Follow PM M. Bork, Albert-Ludwigs-University Methods: We inventoried edible, medicinal, and ceremonial plants in Ixcatlán, Oaxaca, Mexico, and conducted in-depth studies with 20 native and naturalized species per use type; we documented their cultural importance and abundance by interviewing 25 households and sampling vegetation in 33 sites. The hot-cold system and therapeutic procedures mediate medicinal plant use in San Miguel Tulancingo, Oaxaca, Mexico J Ethnopharmacol . Materials and methods. The ethnobotanical importance of the family Piperaceae is recognized mainly for its medicinal properties. This paper describes the medicinal plants and related substances used for childbirth, fertility regulation, and the treatment of reproductive disorders in a bilingual Chinantec-Spanish speaking township in highland Oaxaca. Authors. In many developing countries, traditional medicine is still the mainstay of health care and most of the drugs and cures used come from plants. Heinrich, M; (1998) Indigenous concepts of medicinal plants in Oaxaca, Mexico: Lowland mixe plant classification based on organoleptic characteristics. 38. The earliest evidence of plant domestication of squash and corn in the Americas was found in Oaxaca. Plants synthesise hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defence against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals.Numerous phytochemicals with potential or established biological activity have been identified. 2015 Apr 2;163:12-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.01.001. The city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca de Juárez) is the state capital. This study provides knowledge about these processes in two aromatic medicinal plants, Agastache mexicana (Lamiaceae) and A. m. subsp. Documentation of the current indigenous medicinal uses of 203 plants in this region was conducted during 18 months of fieldwork. Cat’s Claw contains several Oxindole Alkaloids which stimulate the immunologic system. indica, are usually kept in alcohol (70–90%), since these plants cannot be cultivated, as they are forbidden by law, however, to avoid any type of punish for the government authorities, these plants must be kept in alcohol and also in small quantities. Abstract Medicinal plants have been used as traditional treatments for numerous human diseases for thousands of years. MATERIALS AND METHODS Charcoal meal test was used in this … Oaxaca’s indigenous peoples are known for their textiles, ceramics, cuisine, and complex use of plants. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Hardy enough to survive most winter conditions, this perennial plant … San Felipe Jalapa de Díaz is a town, and the surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.It is some 50 km west of Tuxtepec, and is part of the Tuxtepec District of the Papaloapan Region.. Medicinal plants continue to play an important role in healthcare, both in Mexico and around the world. Research shows that Cat’s Claw has antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor properties. AIM OF THE STUDY To evaluate the effect of medicinal plant extracts on induced hyperperistalsis in rats. The study area was San Miguel Tulancingo, Oaxaca, Mexico, and the studied people the Rru ngigua (or Chocholtecs), an Otomangue group with only a few hundred speakers remaining. Ither plans include creatin coffee plantations an cattle corridors, expandin production o beans, maize an chili an exploitin the bio-genetic resoorces o native medicinal plants. Oaxaca, estado (state), southern Mexico. Multiple screening of medicinal plants from Oaxaca, Mexico: ethnobotany and bioassays as a basis for phytochemical investigation. To this day, wild plants are used throughout the region for food, crafts, and medicine. • Rue ( Ruta chalapensis) is commonly called ruda in Oaxaca. An introduced plant with blue-green leaves and unpleasant odor, it’s used in shamanic ­ceremonies, for headaches, and to treat the “evil eye.”. You can reach for certain medical plants to relieve headaches, tummy trouble and even irritation from bug bites. We investigated the relationship between various sociodemographic factors, such as age, economic activity, years of schooling, socioeconomic levels, gender, and language proficiency, and the knowledge and frequency of medicinal plant use in Santiago Camotlán, Sierra Norte of Oaxaca, … Wild and cultivated edible plants are an important part of the diet of people living in … We then visit one of the sprawling markets where we survey an astonishing diversity of tropical and temperate vegetables and medicinal plants, as well pottery and textiles, intermingled with cheap goods of modern commerce. It is bounded by the states of Puebla and Veracruz to the north and Chiapas to the east, by the Pacific Ocean to the south, and by the state of Guerrero to the west. Juchitán District is located in the east of the Istmo de Tehuantepec region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, covering the southern part of a low-lying corridor through the mountains that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Pacific ocean.The district has an area … Many native peoples also use plants in … Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times. The city and municipality of Oaxaca de Juárez (Spanish pronunciation: [waˈxaka ðe ˈxwaɾes]), or Oaxaca City, is the capital and largest city of the eponymous Mexican state.It is located in the Centro District in the Central Valleys region of the state, in the foothills of the Sierra Madre at the base of the Cerro del Fortín, extending to the banks of the Atoyac River. 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