Issues of ethnic and regional equity have tended to dominate the agenda of the new republican government and continue to be divisive. Based on words from Prithvi Narayan (founder of the Shah dynasty) there are 4 Varnas (main groups) and 36 castes in Nepal. Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual and Exchange among Nepal's Tamang, 1989. Ida Lykke Jensen The Caste System in Nepal 17.01.2013 Zalla Mandozai - According to the youth 5. Thus, Newars are at the top of the Human Development Index. The negotiated end to this war forced King Gyanendra to abdicate in 2008. [10][11][note 1][12], Teej celebrated by women of Khas community, Banras/Shakya Buddhist priests of Newar group, Children from isolated Danuwar ethnolinguistic group, Limbus playing traditional chyabrung, Ilam, Nepal, Senior offering Dashain Tika; a feature of Khas Parbattia community, Khas man of Nepal, as depicted in The People of India (1868-1875), List of ethnic caste-groups in Nepal by population, Pages 191/192 of the total pdf or pages 156/157 in the scanned material shows Nepalese castes/ethnic groups, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), "Economic and social structures that may explain the recent conflicts in the Terai of Nepal", "Population Monograph of Nepal Volume II (Social Demography)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_groups_in_Nepal&oldid=992945834, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 23:40. Since democracy was restored in 1990, however, the government has worked to improve the marginalization of these languages. Because of the Hindu subjugated law until 1990 it was vigorous in the society but …show more content… The caste system is a religious part (based on Hinduism) so it … This unsystematically and suddenly issued, indefinite lockdown by the Nepal Government has worsened the lives of so-called lower caste families. Most higher caste people are in positions of leadership, while Dalits are held back economically, socially, culturally and politically. It is a complex system which is defined by many elements such as birth right, ethnicity, occupation, power and financial status. It is the […] In Nepal, group of caste … Nepal has been since long known as a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural country. Members of a high caste enjoy more power, wealth and opportunities while members of a low caste perform menial jobs. Within the Dalit community of Nepal, there are eight major caste groups and twenty-five identified sub-castes. The CBS, 2001 recorded 43 caste-origin Hindu groups in … Over the years, depending on the culture, the caste system has taken different meanings for different persons. There is similarity in the social structure of Khas, Newar and Maithil communities. Impure. They are the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic civilization. People from Tibet those migrate to North of Nepal. The Tamang, Newar, Kami, Madheshi Muslims, Yadav, and Rai peoples collectively constitute around 25% of the Nepalese population. Most of the Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism. The Nepal Monitor, a Nepali human rights organisation, has recorded 26 cases of caste-based discrimination or violence so far this year. Caste Guest Writer-September 11, 2020 0 Endogamous marriages are the ones that take place within a particular social group such as caste, clan, tribe, gotra, etc. A title of certain legislatures, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. Influenced by Hindu caste systems and originating from Indo-Aryans. Over the last few weeks, I have seen many opinions on social websites and electronic media concerning the merits of reservation (affirmative action) for different caste or ethnic groups. Today, even after the end of a 10-year-old Maoist conflict, the upper caste dominates every field in Nepal. Nepali was the national language and Sanskrit became a required school subject. The caste system in Nepal, for example, is broadly similar to the caste system in India. Buddhism is a religion and philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one"). Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. It refers to a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe. [9], The population wise ranking of 125 Nepalese castes groups as per 2011 Nepal census. In 1962, a law was passed making it illegal to discriminate against other castes led all caste to be equally treated by the law. Das or Dash being 10 in Nepali, dashnami includes people having 10 last names (Surnames/family names). List of ethnic caste-groups in Nepal by population. However the basics of it are as follows. Almost half of Nepal’s Dalits live below the poverty line. According to the 2001 national census, ninety two different living languages are spoken in Nepal (a ninety third category was "unspecified"). [2], Since Nepal's unification, various indigenous languages have come under threat of extinction as the government of Nepal has marginalized their use through strict policies designed to promote Nepali as the official language. Based upon the 2011 census, the major languages spoken in Nepal are Nepali , Maithili and Bhojpuri. Holmberg, David. Polluted. in Nepal occurs in the Kathmandu valley during the reign of the Newari King Jayasthiti Malla (1380- 1394) where 64 different castes were allotted different tasks and ranks in the hierarchy. Untouchable. Size of various ethnic/caste groups in the total population was hardly known. Although Newars are low in numbers, their urban living habitat gives them a competitive advantage. Today, in Nepal 20% to 25% of their population consists of Yadav's. There are three major communities in Nepal's caste-oriented society -Khas, Newar and Maithil. In Nepal, as nearly everywhere in India, everyone knows what caste or ethnic group he or she belongs to (Gellner 2007:1823). Hutt, Michael. Endogamy carves out ethnic groups in Nepal. [4][5][6][7][8], Bahun and Chhetri castes form the historical topmost state elites' circle with the significant majority of leadership in executive, legislative, judicial, constitutional, local administrative bodies, bureaucracy, political parties and social organizations. Buddha was borned in Lumbini, Southern part of Nepal. It is originated in the form of a continuous process long before history began, as a myth. Hinduism is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. In this system, the … The case of Newār is ex­cep­tional. It includes a set of beliefs, values, and practices based on the teachings of a spiritual leader. The Caste Hierarchy and the State in Nepal: A Study of the Muluki Ain of 1854, 1979. 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